[LIGHTING]. [CALENDAR]. Two leaves from a... - Lot 3 - Binoche et Giquello

Lot 3
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Estimation :
1500 - 2000 EUR
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Result : 2 600EUR
[LIGHTING]. [CALENDAR]. Two leaves from a... - Lot 3 - Binoche et Giquello
Two leaves from a calendar in a book of hours (or possibly also a psalter).
In French, taken from an illuminated manuscript on parchment.
Blue, red and gold ink burnished. Rubbing and a few stains.
Northern France, Picardy or Champagne (?), end of the 14th century or beginning of the 15th century.
This layout, with small miniatures arranged in such a way that they are right in the text area, is still very reminiscent of the layout of the calendars in psalters and books of hours from the 13th and 14th centuries in the north (in France but also in Belgium and Germany). The decoration of fine rinceaux traced in black ink with vine leaves, besants and floral motifs extending from burnished gold baguettes framing the text is typical of the ornamentation found in the manuscripts of the late 14th and early 15th centuries.
Among the saints found in these two calendar leaves are: St. Valentine (gold, February 14); St. Agatha (gold, February 5); St. Amand (blue, February 6); St. Soupplis [Souplis or Suplix] (blue, February 12); St. Gall (gold, February 21); St. Nicomedes (gold, June 1); St. Ermin (blue, June 3); St. Lucian (gold, June 7); St. Felician (twice, blue, June 9; gold, June 18); St. Modest (gold, June 16); St. Gemma (blue, June 21); St. Eloi (gold, June 25); St. Fuscian (red, June 27). If this calendar generally follows the composite calendar known as "Parisian", one notes the following divergences for example in February: Saint Agniel (February 7); Saint Souplis (February 13); and in June, Saint Ermin (Saint Erme) (June 3); Saint Lucien (June 7); Saint Evremon (June 10); Saint Gemme (June 20).
Note that E. Drigsdhal, in his survey of the composite calendar, indicates that the presence of St. Fuscian on June 27 (instead of [or in addition to] the traditional feast day celebrated on December 11) points to manuscripts linked to Amiens or Champagne and gives two examples where Fuscian is found honored on June 27: Sotheby's 11 July 1978 lot 48, Hours of Raoul d'Ailly (Rome use, Amiens c. 1450); Sotheby's 4 June 1974 lot 2923, Hours of Jacques & Jeanne Cauchon (Rheims use, c. 1420-30). Saint Erme or Ermin is honored in the Laonnois and the Soissonnais. There is in the Somme an abbey Saint-Fuscien-aux-bois on which depended the abbey of Saint-Lucien de Beauvais. Fuscien and Lucien appear in good place in these sheets.
Sheet 1 -. Month of February - small square miniature on the recto: Work of the earth, man digging; small miniature in medallion on the verso: sign of the zodiac, Pisces. Size : 193 x 134 mm.
Sheet 2 - Month of June - small square miniature on the front : Fruit picking, man climbing a tree ; small miniature in medallion on the back : zodiac sign, Cancer. Dimensions : 195 x 132 mm.
Joint : [PRINTED HOURS]. Circumcision (Hours of the Virgin, none). Metal engraving, taken from a printed book of hours, enhanced with colours. Dimensions : 130 x 85 mm.
" [...] are these letters sealed with the seal of my lord the duke of his court of Luneville, except for his right and the others... ".
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